... can be prevented!
A lot of people suffer from diseases of the periodontium without even knowing what "periodontitis" means.
Periodontitis (formerly known as "parodontosis") is the most common gum disease. It has replaced caries as the most frequent cause of tooth loss among people over 40. This chronic inflammation of the periodontium is caused by bacteria living in the form of dental plaque. These bacteria settle on the root surfaces before they migrate to the root tips. Our body defends itself against that by an immune reaction which not only kills the intruders, but also disintegrates the periodontium. The tooth loosens and eventually falls out. Fortunately, this development can be detected and prevented by a prompt periodontal treatment.
The first signs of a periodontitis
In most cases, the first signs of periodontitis are not painful. Since the concurrent physical changes are rarely noticed, they can not be taken seriously. Possible symptoms include:
Periodontitis is usually caused by a lack of dental care, malnutrition, an aggressive bacterial flora, overstrained teeth, dental or jaw malpositions, immune system disorders, or a genetic disposition. Gum bleeding can be a first indicator of peridontitis.
Below, please find some links which offer detailed information on periodontitis:
11. Gum structure
Edited August 2011 by KU64, Dentistry Berlin